7/21/2010

ALDF restableció la exención de impuestos para asociaciones civiles

ALDF restableció la exención de impuestos
para asociaciones civiles


Por: Anato Alvarez Ibarra
Logotipo de Cemefi
En diciembre del año pasado el gobierno de la Ciudad de México y la Asamblea Legislativa del Distrito Federal (ALDF) propusieron hacer modificaciones al Código Fiscal del Distrito Federal para que a las Asociaciones Civiles se les disminuyera este año del 100 al 80 por ciento las exenciones de impuestos locales y pagaran un 20% de impuesto sobre las donaciones que reciben. 
El Centro Mexicano para la Filantropía (CEMEFI), en alianza con las asociaciones civiles afiliadas, logró echar para atrás esta reforma con la ayuda de los presidentes de las Comisiones de Hacienda y Derechos Humanos de la ALDF.
En entrevista con Dis-capacidad.com, Consuelo Castro, Directora jurídica del CEMEFI, explica que este dictamen fue posible gracias a la presión que se ejerció desde la sociedad civil para que no se vieran afectadas las donaciones que se reciben.
El pasado 29 de abril comenzó el proceso para que dichas comisiones estudiaran la reforma al artículo 283 del Código Fiscal del Distrito Federal. El resultado fue un dictamen  para modificar el párrafo que se había reformado y restablecer la exención del 100% de impuestos a las organizaciones sociales que trabajan a favor de grupos vulnerables. La resolución fue aprobada en un periodo extraordinario de la Asamblea el pasado 10 de junio.
Consuelo explica que esto se logró gracias al trabajo conjunto entre la ALDF y el gobierno del Distrito Federal, por iniciativa de la diputada Lenia Batres. Las asociaciones civiles también sostuvieron reuniones con el Secretario de Desarrollo de la ciudad, Martí Batres, quien expuso la necesidad de contar con estos incentivos para que las asociaciones sigan trabajando a favor de este sector de la población.
Castro comenta que el argumento principal que le expusieron a los diputados, es que con la reforma se pretendía hacer una distinción entre los organismos que prestan servicios a los grupos vulnerables: “le externamos nuestra preocupación y (le planteamos) la inequidad en cuanto a que a las asociaciones civiles se les iba a cobrar impuestos y a las instituciones de asistencia privada no, siendo que llevan a cabo el mismo tipo de actividades asistenciales”.Leer más…http://www.dis-capacidad.com/page/details.php?id=1013
México a la vanguardia en el Síndrome de Post Polio

The Polio Crusade

THE POLIO CRUSADE IN AMERICAN EXPERIENCE A GOOD VIDEO THE STORY OF THE POLIO CRUSADE pays tribute to a time when Americans banded together to conquer a terrible disease. The medical breakthrough saved countless lives and had a pervasive impact on American philanthropy that ... Continue reading..http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/polio/

Erradicación de La poliomielitis

Polio Tricisilla Adaptada

March Of Dimes Polio History

Dr. Bruno

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A 41-year-old man developed an acute illness at the age of 9 months during which, following a viral illness with headache, he developed severe weakness and wasting of the limbs of the left side. After several months he began to recover, such that he was able to walk at the age of 2 years and later was able to run, although he was never very good at sports. He had stable function until the age of 18 when he began to notice greater than usual difficulty lifting heavy objects. By the age of 25 he was noticing progressive difficulty walking due to weakness of both legs, and he noticed that the right calf had become larger. The symptoms became more noticeable over the course of the next 10 years and ultimately both upper as well as both lower limbs had become noticeably weaker.

On examination there was wasting of the muscles of upper and lower limbs on the left, and massively hypertrophied gastrocnemius, soleus and tensor fascia late on the right. The calf circumference on the right exceeded that on the left by 10 cm (figure1). The right shoulder girdle, triceps, thenar eminence and small muscles of the hand were wasted and there was winging of both scapulae. The right quadriceps was also wasted. The wasted muscles were also weak but the hypertrophied right ankle plantar flexors had normal power. The tendon reflexes were absent in the lower limbs and present in the upper limbs, although the right triceps was reduced. The remainder of the examination was normal.

Figure 1

The patient's legs, showing massive enlargement of the right calf and wasting on the left

Questions

1
What is that nature of the acute illness in infancy?
2
What is the nature of the subsequent deterioration?
3
What investigations should be performed?
4
What is the differential diagnosis of the cause of the progressive calf hypertrophy?

Answers

QUESTION 1

An acute paralytic illness which follows symptoms of a viral infection with or without signs of meningitis is typical of poliomyelitis. Usually caused by one of the three polio viruses, it may also occur following vaccination and following infections with other enteroviruses.1 Other disorders which would cause a similar syndrome but with upper motor neurone signs would include acute vascular lesions, meningoencephalitis and acute disseminated encephalomyelitis.

QUESTION 2

A progressive functional deterioration many years after paralytic poliomyelitis is well known, although its pathogenesis is not fully understood.2 It is a diagnosis of exclusion; a careful search for alternative causes, for example, orthopaedic deformities such as osteoarthritis or worsening scoliosis, superimposed neurological disorders such as entrapment neuropathies or coincidental muscle disease or neuropathy, and general medical causes such as respiratory complications and endocrinopathies.3

QUESTION 3

Investigations revealed normal blood count and erythrocyte sedimentation rate and normal biochemistry apart from a raised creatine kinase at 330 IU/l (normal range 60–120 IU/l), which is commonly seen in cases of ongoing denervation. Electromyography showed evidence of denervation in the right APB and FDI with polyphasic motor units and complex repetitive discharges, no spontaneous activity in the left calf and large polyphasic units in the right calf consistent with chronic partial denervation. Motor and sensory conduction velocities were normal. A lumbar myelogram was normal. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan of the calves is shown in figure2.

Figure 2

Axial T1 weighted MRI scan (TR 588 ms, TE 15 ms) of the calves, showing gross muscle atrophy and replacement by adipose tissue on the left, and hypertrophy of the muscles on the right, with only minor adipose tissue deposition

QUESTION 4

The differential diagnosis of the progressive calf hypertrophy is given in the box.

Causes of calf muscle hypertrophy

Chronic partial denervation

  • radiculopathy

  • peripheral neuropathy

  • hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy

  • spinal muscular atrophy

  • following paralytic poliomyelitis

    Neuromyotonia and myokymia

  • Isaac's syndrome

  • generalised myokymia

  • neurotonia

  • continuous muscle fibre activity due to: chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculopathy, Guillain Barre syndrome, myasthenia gravis, thymoma, thyrotoxicosis, thyroiditis

    Muscular dystrophies

    Myositis

    Infiltration

  • tumours

  • amyloidosis

  • cysticercosis

    Link here