India has put in place an emergency preparedness and response plan to enforce its commitment to zero tolerance for polio in the country and any new polio case would be declared a public health emergency.
Rapid response teams have already been formed in all the States and Union Territories to respond to any polio case in the country. All States bordering neighboring countries have been put on alert and asked to strengthen surveillance for early detection of any imported polio case.
Speaking at the launch of a Nationwide Pulse Polio Campaign for 2012 at Rashtrapati Bhawan on Saturday, Health and Family Welfare Minister Ghulam Nabi Azad said Special booths have been established in the border areas including Wagah border and Attari railway station in Punjab and Munabao in Barmer district of Rajasthan, to ensure, that all children under five years of age coming from across the border are given polio drops.
Mr. Azad said his Ministry has taken major steps to reach every child in the country, even in areas hardest to reach, to ensure that mobile and migratory populations are not left uncovered.  The coverage of children even in the most endemic states such as Bihar and Uttar Pradesh has crossed 99 per cent.  “This level of coverage is unprecedented, not witnessed anywhere in the world,” the Minister added.  He hoped the efforts would be carried on with the same degree of vigour for at least the next two years, so that India could be declared as a Polio free country in January, 2014.
The campaign was launched by President Pratibha Devisingh Patil who administered polio vaccine drops to eight children. The Nationwide Immunization campaign for Polio will cover more than 17 crore children of less than 5 years of age.  More than 23 lakh volunteers will participate in this massive national effort and more than 1.5 lakh supervisors will monitor quality and coverage of the Immunization activity.  
Pointing out that India was making history in its fight against polio, Mr. Azad said:   “It is indeed a remarkable achievement that for the last one year, the country has remained completely free from polio without witnessing even a single case. In the past, India had a rather large share of global polio cases and only two years ago in 2009, we accounted for half of the total polio cases in the world.  Seen against this back drop, the achievement of one full year of zero polio case is extremely impressive.”