31 ene. 2013

In Roosevelt Birthday Balls and the Fight Against Infantile Paralysis


The Birthday Balls and the Fight Against Infantile Paralysis
FDR pictured receiving a birthday cake decorated with checks for the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis. January, 1942
FDR pictured receiving a birthday cake decorated with checks for the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis. January, 1942
FDR contracted polio in 1921 at the age of 39, and was paralyzed from the waist down. For the rest of his life, FDR was committed to finding a way to rehabilitate himself as well as others afflicted with infantile paralysis.
In 1924, FDR visited a rundown spa in Warm Springs, Georgia where it was said that the buoyant mineral waters had therapeutic powers. After six weeks, he was convinced that he had made more progress in his rehabilitation than at any time in the previous three years. He built a home for himself at Warm Springs.
In 1926 when the spa faced hardship, he purchased the facility for $200,000, creating a therapeutic center called the Georgia Warm Springs Foundation. It opened its doors to patients from all over the country, providing medical treatment and an opportunity to spend time with others suffering the effects of polio.
FDR returned to politics, serving as Governor of New York from 1929-1932, and elected President in 1933. Even with the burdens of office, he regularly visited Warm Springs for treatment and rest, becoming known to the patients as “Dr. Roosevelt.” But the growing demands on the facility, and the increasing number of patients being treated there, required more money than FDR alone or a small number of contributors could provide.
At the suggestion of a public relations consultant, business magnate and FDR political ally Henry L. Doherty launched the National Committee for Birthday Balls that sponsored a dance in every town across the nation, both to celebrate the President’s birthday but also to raise money for the Georgia Warm Springs Foundation.
The first Birthday Ball was held in 1934, with 4,376 communities joining in 600 separate celebrations that raised over one million dollars for Warm Springs. Future Birthday Balls continued to raise about a million dollars per year, with contributions split between Warm Springs and the local communities where the balls were held.
In 1938, FDR created the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis, not only to help Warm Springs but also the victims of polio throughout the country. To increase awareness of the campaign, radio personality and philanthropist Eddie Cantor took to the air waves and urged Americans to send their loose change to President Roosevelt in “a march of dimes to reach all the way to the White House.”
Soon, millions of dimes flooded the White House. In 1945, the annual March of Dimes campaign raised 18.9 million dollars for the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis. Ultimately, the March of Dimes (as the National Foundation became known) financially supported the research and development of a polio vaccine by Jonas Salk in 1955, eradicating the disease throughout most of the world by the 1960s.
Franklin Roosevelt’s dedication to finding a cure for polio benefited millions of children worldwide. But it was the participation of Americans across the nation in Birthday Balls that made the campaign a success. Their hard work and financial support supported the development of new methods of treatment to improve the lives of those stricken with polio and the creation of a vaccine to protect future generations from its devastation. Although the Birthday Balls ended in 1945 with the death of President Roosevelt, both of their legacies live on in the March of Dimes.
Eleanor at FDR Birthday Ball at the Statler Hotel in Washington DC, with Red Skelton, William O. Douglas, Lucille Ball, John Garfield, and Maria Montez. January, 1944.
Eleanor at a FDR Birthday Ball at the Statler Hotel in Washington DC, with Red Skelton, William O. Douglas, Lucille Ball, John Garfield, and Maria Montez. January, 1944.




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28 ene. 2013

GlaxoSmithKline and the Hyderabad based Biologic E


Multinational drug-maker GlaxoSmithKline and the Hyderabad-based Biological E Limited have come together for early stage research and development of a six-in-one combination paediatric vaccine against polio and other infectious diseases.
The companies said they would form an equally-partnered venture to develop the vaccine that would help protect children in India and other developing countries. If approved, the vaccine could be a first of its kind, a GSK note said, as it would combine GSK’s injectable polio vaccine (IPV) and Biological E’s pentavalent vaccine for diphtheria, tetanus, whooping cough (whole-cell pertussis), hepatitis B, and Haemophilus influenzae type b.

FEWER INJECTIONS

The vaccine would enable fewer injections for children, thereby improving compliance in immunisation schedules. The fully liquid formulation of the vaccine also means it would be ready to use with no additional ingredients or materials required, freeing up space at local storage facilities.
The venture will bear the development costs for the candidate vaccine, which is expected to enter phase 1 development in the next two years. In phase 1 trials, the product is exposed for the first time to a small group of healthy human volunteers to evaluate the safety profile of the drug. A small initial cash investment will be made by both companies to cover start-up costs and subsequent development costs will be split equally, the note said.

FIGHT AGAINST POLIO

Christophe Weber, President of GSK Vaccines, said the agreement was aligned to GSK’s vision of providing quality vaccines to those in need and by leveraging Biological E’s strengths, this particular vaccine had the potential to play a significant role in the fight against polio.
Vijay Kumar Datla, Chairman Biological E, said that they expect to leverage the partnership to accelerate the development of the hexavalent vaccine and make IPV accessible for developing countries in the post-eradication phase for polio.jyothi.datta@thehindu.co.in

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23 ene. 2013

Dr. Peter Salk, son of the late Dr. Jonas Salk


Ursinus talk reveals what influenced Dr. Salk, credited with eradicating polio



Audience members watch a movie with Dr. Jonas Salk, who asks the rhetorical question of whether we will be good ancestors. Photo by Phil Heil
Ursinus College’s Center for Science and the Common Good hosted the son of the man who discovered the vaccine for polio during an event Jan. 16.

Dr. Peter Salk, son of the late Dr. Jonas Salk, came to Ursinus to discuss his father’s work in the polio vaccine and his interest in humanity and how people came together to help each other when polio was killing thousands of people in the early 20th century.

The lecture began with Salk speaking about his father’s view on life and how when his father was a boy, he did not want to go into science.

“He wanted to find a way to help people,” Dr. Salk explained to the audience in the Kaleidoscope Building. According to Salk, science was the furthest thing from his father’s mind growing up. However, like most people, he decided to go where the money was, and thanks to the March of Dimes, the money for polio research was at an all-time high.

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21 ene. 2013

The HinduUK citizens Dr. John and Chris Philip volunteering for National Polio

UK citizens Dr. John and Chris Philip volunteering for National Polio Immunisation Day in Government Women and Children Hospital in Mattancherry in the city on Sunday. Photo:Special Arrangement
The HinduUK citizens Dr. John and Chris Philip volunteering for National Polio Immunisation Day in Government Women and Children Hospital in Mattancherry in the city on Sunday. Photo:Special Arrangement
Chris and John Philip are from England and they are leading a team of 34 members who are volunteering for the pulse polio immunisation programme, an initiative of Rotary Club
Chris Philip and John Philip are one among the large number of foreign couples touring Fort Kochi. But on Sunday, they gave the sunup charm of the beach a miss as they were volunteering at the pulse polio immunisation programme held at Government Women and Children Hospital in Mattancherry.
Chris and John Philip are from England and they are leading a team of 34 members who are volunteering for the pulse polio immunisation programme, an initiative of Rotary Club. Thirty-two British and two Swedish nationals volunteered at various pulse polio booths throughout Ernakulum district. Rotary club has been active in the pulse polio campaign in India for years. All the volunteers flew down at their own expenses.
“The U.K. has contributed as much as 1.2 billion dollars in the past years of the polio immunisation programme in India. We are really happy to see the outcome. Within two years India will be totally polio-free,” said Chris Philip. This is her sixth trip to India and the first to Kerala as part of the Rotary projects.
Dr. John Philip is a retired breast cancer specialist.
Pulse polio immunisation booths were arranged in various spots throughout Fort Kochi and Mattanchery. Booths were set up in Boat Jetty and bus stands to ensure better participation from  travellers.
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19 ene. 2013

Over 97 p.c. children covered in polio campaign

A child being administered polio drops as part of the Pulse Polio Immunisation drive at Coimbatore Junction on Sunday. Photo S.Siva Saravanan

The HinduA child being administered polio drops as part of the Pulse Polio Immunisation drive at Coimbatore Junction on Sunday. Photo S.Siva Saravanan
Coimbatore Corporation records 102 per cent
The district administration has managed to administer oral polio vaccine to 97.5 per cent of the 3.18 lakh children on Sunday, the day the 17 nationwide pulse polio campaign was held.
A release from the district administration said that it had established 1,564 camps to administer the polio drops to children below five years, deploying 6,274 workers for the purpose.
It had also established 23 camps at railway station and bus stands in the city to target children among the floating population.
The Coimbatore Corporation, which had established 196 camps within the city to administer the drops to 1.10 lakh children managed to reach 1.12 lakh children, recording 102 per cent.
District Collector M. Karunagaran, Mayor S.M. Velusamy, Corporation Commissioner T.K. Ponnusamy and other officials inaugurated the campaign at the Coimbatore Medical College Hospital and at the Corporation's dispensary on Krishnasamy Road (Brooke Bond Road).
Mr. Ponnusamy said that on Monday the civic body's health staff would conduct door-to-door campaign to administer the oral vaccine to those children who may have been left out.
In Tirupur, the second phase of the Pulse Polio Immunisation Programme-2012 to administer oral anti-polio vaccine to 2,23,563 children aged up to five years in the district, concluded on Sunday evening.
Of the children identified, a total of 1,56,130 were residing in rural localities, 66,633 in urban areas, 779 in temporary shelters and 21 in various Sri Lankan refugee camps functioning in the district.
Official sources told reporters that 1,083 booths (967 in rural areas and 116 in urban areas) were set up to administer the vaccine.
The health officials would be carrying out a door-to-door campaign in the coming days this week to administer the anti-polio drops to the children left out in the immunization drive conducted on Sunday.
Earlier in the day, Minister for Hindu Religious and Charitable Endowment M.S.M. Anandan inaugurated the campaign at a function held on District Headquarters Hospital premises in the presence of District Collector M. Mathivanan and Deputy Mayor S. Gunasekaran.

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17 ene. 2013

Review WHO Polio 2012

WHO presents '2012 In Review' photo essay

They public health milestones were reached in 2012, including the end of poliotransmission in India and meeting the Millennium Development Goal target on drinking water ahead of schedule," the WHO reports in a summary of a "2012 In Review"photo essay. Among other accomplishments, "WHO published new statistics highlighting the growing problem of high blood pressure and diabetes, [and showing] that 15 million babies are born preterm every year, but that overall progress on child survival is speeding up," the summary continues. The photo essay covers 18 different "key health issues" from 2012 (December 2012).



Drive against polio: Rotary sets up mobile museum

SPECIAL CORRESPONDENT


A view of the Rotary International's mobile museum on polio in Visakhapatnam on Wednesday. Photo: C.V. Subrahmanyam
The HinduA view of the Rotary International's mobile museum on polio in Visakhapatnam on Wednesday. Photo: C.V. Subrahmanyam
It is open to public on the beach road near YMCA till January 21
Rotary district, Visakhapatnam, set up a mobile museum on polio to create awareness among people about polio and the need to eradicate it.
The mobile structure, an air balloon with walls on four sides and top is set up on the parking area on the beach road near YMCA here and will be open to public during evening hours till January 21.
Inside the temporary structure one can find posters detailing the fight against polio world over since 1985 when Rotary launched its Pulse Polio programme with an initial pledge of 120 million US dollars which rose to a billion dollars till now.
The charts explain that 3.5 lakh cases were reported in 125 countries in 1985 and the number dropped to 1,500 in four countries by 2007. Polio is an endemic in only three countries in 2012 -- Nigeria (104 new cases), Pakistan (54) and Afghanistan (30) while India has been marked one year free of polio in January 2012.
As many as 150 countries were declared polio free in 1996. The Americas, Western hemisphere and Europe were declared polio free in 1991, 1994 and 2002 respectively. The charts also give details of the work being done in African countries.
Nigeria, Pakistan, and Afghanistan too must get rid of polio so that the earth could be free of polio.
One chart says that Taliban is preventing polio immunisation programme in some rural areas of Pakistan on the border with Afghanistan. Even one case of polio would be enough to spread the disease to neighbouring areas. Hence it is necessary to ensure every one is vaccinated.
Rotary district governor Ch. Surya Rao said the display was planned to attract people’s attention and their involvement in polio eradication.
Another 800 million dollars were required to eradicate polio in the three countries and to continue immunisation programme in India. Rotary district Visakhapatnam would contribute 2 lakh dollars for the programme.
The show would be held in different places of the Rotary district (covering the revenue districts from Srikakulam to Krishna) with a longer show to be held in Vijayawada from February 12 to 24, with the second National Immunisation Day falling in between. The first NID, January 20, would be during the show here.
The show would move to MVRG Engineering College near Vizianagaram for a three-day programme from January 26. A model UN Assembly session would be held on January 27.
Wheel chairs
Minister for Infrastructure and Investments Ganta Srinivasa Rao inaugurated the show and former Rotary governor Varada Reddy distributed wheel chairs for physically challenged persons. Polio victims needing wheelchairs could contact Jagan of the Rotary Club (92466 17666). They need to submit a copy of the certificate of physical disability and proof of identity.
























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11 ene. 2013

The Global Polio Eradication Emergency Action


Emergency Action Plan 

The Global Polio Eradication Emergency Action Plan aims to boost vaccination coverage in Nigeria, Pakistan and Afghanistan, the three remaining polio endemic countries, to levels needed to stop polio transmission.

Developed in coordination with country national emergency plans, the global plan builds on India’s success in stopping polio transmission and outlines a range of new strategies and initiatives to better support eradication efforts, including:

  • Intensified focus on worst-performing areas of Nigeria, Pakistan and Afghanistan to increase vaccination coverage by end of 2012 to levels needed to stop transmission;
  • New approaches tailored to each country to tackle persistent challenges and improve polio vaccination campaign performance;
  • Heightened accountability, coordination and oversight to ensure success at every level of government and within every partner agency and organization;
  • Surge of technical assistance and social mobilization capacity.



Related links:



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8 ene. 2013

Anti-polio-drive-to-begin-in-Peshawar-on-January-5




PESHAWAR: A three day anti-polio drive will begin in Peshawar on January 5 and security will be provided to volunteers.

Deputy Commissioner Peshawar, Javed Marwat told Geo News that polio drops would be administered to 800,000 children. 18,000 teams have been formed for the anti-polio drive who will go from door to door administering the drops.

At least 8 volunteers of the anti-polio drive were killed in Karachi and parts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa leading to the suspension of the drive by UN agencies in December 2012.

7 ene. 2013

"The effect of the killing of polio vaccine workers in Pakistan


Editorial, opinion pieces address effects of health worker murders in Pakistan on polio eradication


Several news outlets published opinion pieces regarding the recent murders of poliovaccination and other aid workers in Pakistan. The following summarizes two opinion pieces and one editorial on the issue.
  • Lancet: "The effect of the killing of polio vaccine workers in Pakistan will have repercussions for its neighbor Afghanistan, which, together with Pakistan itself and Nigeria, is one of the remaining polio-endemic countries," and "[o]ther neighboring countries have also been put at risk," a Lancet editorial states. "To eradicate polio, the work that the brave polio health workers died for must be continued in 2013," the Lancet writes, concluding, "Furthermore, it is imperative not only to ensure immunization workers' security, but also to address the determinants behind the shooting of polio health workers – i.e., to win the hearts of the public, to go beyond the 'polio only' agenda, and to enhance polio vaccination's integration into the routine health and immunization program" (1/5).
  • Jeffrey Kluger, TIME: "Thanks to aggressive global vaccination programs led by Rotary International, UNICEF, the World Health Organization, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control, and, most recently, the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, the year just beginning could be [polio's] last," Kluger, senior editor at TIME, writes. He notes the killing of the health care and aid workers, as well as a Taliban-imposed ban on polio vaccinations in certain regions of Pakistan. "Using children as viral suicide bombers this way is a new -- and grotesque -- form of bioterrorism, and the world, for now at least, is not standing idly by," Kluger states, noting the efforts of governments and aid organizations. "The war with the poliovirus and its human defenders has been joined -- and 2013 could be the year in which the climactic battles are fought," he concludes (1/3).
  • Afiya Shehrbano Zia, Guardian: Zia, a feminist researcher, activist and author, "highlight[s] the 'context' that enabled such unprecedented violence against female health workers, ostensibly committed by militants other than the [Taliban in Pakistan]," she writes, adding, "I shall argue that it is not just the 'conditions that create groups like the Taliban' that require scrutiny, but that it is equally incumbent upon us to see how the narrative of religious militancy encourages, strengthens, colludes with and affords impunity to all forms of faith-based misogyny in Pakistan." After a long analysis, she concludes that "the attacks by religious militants on women polio workers (and other women activists) must be seen in the context of the views, politics and policies of all Islamists on women's health, sexuality, homosexuality, control over their bodies, mobility and gendered roles. Only then can we be assured of a more accurate analysis of gendered violence in Pakistan" (⅓).

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5 ene. 2013

Health Organization has begun to use a new vaccine against polio.











New Vaccine Joins Campaign to End Polio
New Vaccine Joins Campaign to End Polio
  • Order: 
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  • Duration: 4:02
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  • Published: 10 Feb 2010
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  • Updated: 29 Aug 2012
Author: VOALearningEnglish
This is the VOA Special English Development Report, from voaspecialenglish.com The World Health Organization has begun to use a new vaccine against polio. Officials say it will become a major tool in the campaign to end a disease that mainly affects children under age five. The new formulation is known as BOPV, or bivalent oral polio vaccine. It was used for the first time in December in a polio immunization campaign in Afghanistan. Carol Pandak is with the PolioPlus program of the service organization Rotary International. She explains that health workers have been using what are called trivalent vaccines in some places. These are areas like Afghanistan where more than one kind of polio virus exists. There are three types of polio virus. The trivalent vaccine is least effective against type three, more effective against type one and highly effective against type two. As a result, few new cases of type two have been reported since nineteen ninety-nine. This has led to greater use of monovalent vaccines to protect against either type one or type three polio. But Carol Pandak says the monovalent vaccine is not enough in areas with both kinds of polio. Rod Curtis at the World Health Organization in Geneva says the new bivalent vaccine solves this problem. Carol Pandak says tests found the new vaccine to be thirty percent more effective than the trivalent vaccine. More than thirty new cases of polio were reported in Afghanistan last year. About half were type one and the ...
http://wn.com/New_Vaccine_Joins_Campaign_to_End_Polio 
Gov't Issues Polio Alert
Gov't Issues Polio Alert
  • Order: 
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  • Duration: 3:28
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  • Published: 06 Sep 2011
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  • Updated: 05 Jul 2012
Author: kenyacitizentv
The government has declared a public health alert after a three - year - old boy tested positive for a polio - type virus in Rongo district of Nyanza province. Public health and sanitation Beth Mugo said ministry officials have since been dispatched to the area in an effort to contain the outbreak as well as administer polio vaccines to children under the age of five. The ministry will undertake house to house vaccinations in five regions which have been declared highly volatile. Judy Kosgey has that report.
http://wn.com/Gov't_Issues_Polio_Alert 

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