30 sept. 2016

Polio survivors face new disability





[SYDNEY] With polio now occurring in just two countries — Afghanistan and Pakistan — investments in medical aid and healthcare are now deemed urgent for polio survivors as they battle the onset of the post-polio syndrome (PPS) decades after first contracting the disease.
 
The first Australasia-Pacific Post-Polio Conference held in Sydney (20-22 September) discussed the treatment options focusing on neurological and biomechanical decline due to PPS in ageing polio survivors as well as the challenges of preventing and treating severe deformities in young polio survivors mostly in developing countries who will need help for years to come. 

“Polio survivors still need support to maintain health and independence.”

Mary-ann Liethof,Polio Australia

 

PPS is a condition with new muscle weakness or general tiredness in persons with a confirmed history of acute paralytic polio, usually occurring several decades after the acute illness, reinforcing the need for a multi-disciplinary approach and more evidence-based research on alternative and complementary therapies.
 
“Polio survivors still need support to maintain health and independence,” Polio Australia’s national programme manager, Mary-ann Liethof, tells SciDev.Net.
 
A 2001 report by The March of Dimes, a non-profit agency founded by US President Franklin Roosevelt, a polio survivor, noted that up to 20 million polio survivors around the world face the threat of new disabilities 15 to 40 years after their original illness, which could leave them using wheelchairs or ventilators for the rest of their lives.
 
“Basic rehabilitation is very limited especially in developing countries. There is an urgent need for assessing polio survivors to maximise their functionality and prevent deformities from developing through adaptable technologies, bracing, physical therapy and addressing accessibility issues,” says Carol Vandenakker Albanese, physical medicine and rehabilitation professor at the University of California Davis Medical Center in the United States.
 
Rotary’s End Polio Now zone coordinator for Australia and New Zealand, Bob Aitken, tells SciDev.Net, “We have been conducting a network of workshops for educating young health professionals in long-term treatment of polio survivors. We hope this model can be replicated in developing countries.”
 
Adds Joan Headley, director of Post-Polio Health International based in St. Louis, Missouri, “The core knowledge about PPS within the medical profession in Australia can be very useful in educating and training people in Asia and South Pacific.”
 
A study in an Italian cohort of over 100 PPS patients and their family members, together with a number of polio survivors with “stable polio”, found that nearly three-quarters of PPS patients appear to harbour “poliovirus remnants” while survivors with stable polio rarely harbour poliovirus.


Post Polio Litaff, Association A.C _APPLAC Mexico

El Switch o Cambio de la tOPV a la bOPV



Switch from tOPV to bOPV

El Switch, o el cambio de la vacuna trivalente oral contra la poliomielitis (tOPV) a la vacuna bivalente oral contra la poliomielitis (bOPV), será un proceso sincronizado al nivel mundial y está previsto tendrá lugar en abril de 2016. Después del switch, ningún productor distribuirá tOPV, y cualquier uso de tOPV después del switch puede poner en riesgo la erradicación de la polio debido a la posible generación del poliovirus circulante derivado de la vacuna (cVDPV).
Planificación e implantación oportuna de un plan nacional del Switch permitirán a los países retirar y destruir la tOPV, minimizar el desperdicio de la tOPV después del Switch, validar la destrucción de tOPV, y contribuir a un mundo libre de la circulación de poliovirus circulante derivado de la vacuna-tipo 2 (cVDPV2). Para cumplir con el cronograma requerido, es imperativo que todos los países que usan OPV empiecen a planear para el Switch y desarrollar un Plan Nacional para el Switch hasta el final de julio del 2015.
A continuación se presentan enlaces a materiales para apoyar a los gerentes de los programas, tomadores de decisiones, trabajadores de salud, y especialistas de comunicación con este proceso:

Documentos técnicos

Audiencia principal: Gerentes de los programas de inmunización, nivel nacional y subnacional.
Objetivo: Proporcionar directrices para el desarrollo de planes nacionales del Switch, y proporcionar información general sobre los antecedentes y justificación para el Switch, incluyendo el protocolo de respuesta para la detección PV2 después del Switch.

Post Polio Litaff, Association A.C _APPLAC Mexico

Polio Film

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/films/polio/

video

Salk Institute

Polio Video

Polio Lungs

https://youtu.be/qytuMHXDlds

Twitter

Enlaces

México Post Polio Una Vida Un Camino Una Experiencia
http://postpoliosinmex.blogspot.com/

Post Polio LITAFF A.C.

www.postpoliolitaff.org/
Postpoliolitaff.- Asociación Post Polio Litaff A.C Primera Organización oficial sobre Síndrome de Post Poliomielitis En México.


Polio y Efectos Secundarios SPP
http://polioyspp.blogspot.com/
- See more at: http://polioamigossinfronteras.blogspot.mx/#sthash.6PkHAkfM.dpuf

APPLAC

Polio Reinders

March Of Dimes Polio History

Erradicación de La poliomielitis

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