Nov 2, 2018

What is the biological cause of PPS ? Dra. Susan Pearl

                 Post Polio Litaff, Association A.C _APPLAC Mexico

Polio: Wild poliovirus cases in 2018 top 2017 total


With the reports of three additional wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) in Afghanistan, bringing the total global cases to 25, it has eclipsed the total WPV1 cases for all of 2017 (22).
Poliovirus Image/CDC
Poliovirus Image/CDC
The three new cases have been reported from Maywand district, Kandahar province, from Pornus district, Nuristan province, and from Nawzad district, Hilmand province. This brings the total cases reported in Afghanistan to 19 (Pakistan has reported 6 cases this year).
The third polio endemic country, Nigeria, has not reported any WPV1 cases in more than two years.
The Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI) says:
Nominal variations (up or down) in the number of newly-reported cases at this point of the polio endgame – although tragic for the affected children and their families – are not operationally overwhelming, especially considering the population size in the 3 remaining endemic countries (upwards of 90 million children aged less than five years).  However, confirmation of even a single polio case anywhere points to remaining vaccination coverage gaps which must be filled, to achieve eradication.
Concerning circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus cases, Papua New Guinea reported three new cases of circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 1 (cVDPV1), bringing their total to 21.
The Democratic Republic of Congo saw one new case of circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 (cVDPV2). The total cases in DRC is now 16.
Finally, Nigeria reported two new cases of circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 (cVDPV2), bringing their total in 2018 to 19.

Post Polio Litaff, Association A.C _APPLAC Mexico

Oct 28, 2018

Polio Outbreak Warning Upgraded in 5 Countries

african children
October 27th, 2018 – The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) published 5 separate Alert - Level 2, Practice Enhanced Precautions, regarding the increased spreading of the polio virus on 
These CDC Travel Alerts for the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Nigeria, Papua New Guinea, Somalia, and Syria note that progress had been made in these countries, but that the contagious virus continues to spread. 
The CDC strongly recommends that all travelers to these 5 countries be vaccinated fully against polio. In addition, adults who have been fully vaccinated should receive a single lifetime booster dose of the polio vaccine. 
Even if you were vaccinated as a child or have been sick with polio before, you may need a booster dose to make sure you are protected, said the CDC. 

Moreover, long-term visitors staying more than 4 weeks may be required to show proof of polio vaccination when leaving these polio-infected countries. 
To meet this travel departure requirement, long-term visitors should receive the polio vaccine between 4 weeks and 12 months before the date of departure, to ensure their immune systems immunized against polio. 
These upgraded Alert - Level 2 warnings are for these countries:
  • Democratic Republic of Congo: Cases of vaccine-derived polio have been reported in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, according to the World Health Organization (WHO). The cases occurred in Haut-Lomami Province and in Maniema Province.
  • Nigeria: The Nigerian Ministry of Health has reported several cases of poliovirus in the state of Borno in northeastern Nigeria. The Nigerian government is conducting widespread immunizations to prevent further transmission.
  • Papua New Guinea: An outbreak of polio has been reported in the provinces of East Sepik, Madang, Eastern Highlands, Enga, Jiwaka, Morobe Province, and National Capital District in Papua New Guinea. This outbreak is caused by vaccine-derived poliovirus (VDPV), a sign of low oral polio vaccine coverage in the country.
  • Somalia: A polio outbreak has been reported in Mogadishu and the Hiran and Middle Shabelle regions. This outbreak is caused by vaccine-derived poliovirus (VDPV), a sign of low oral polio vaccine coverage in the country.
  • Syria: Cases of vaccine-derived polio have been reported in Syria, according to the Global Polio Eradication Initiative. Most cases have been reported in Mayadeen District, in Dayr az Zawr Province.
vaccine-derived poliovirus (VDPV) is a strain of the weakened poliovirus that was initially included in oral polio vaccine (OPV) and that has changed over time and behaves more like the wild or naturally occurring virus, says the CDC.   
This means it can be spread more easily to people who are unvaccinated against polio and who come in contact with the stool or respiratory secretions, such as from a sneeze, of an infected person. 
For this reason, the eradication of polio requires stopping all OPV in routine immunization, as soon as possible after the eradication of wild poliovirus (WPV) transmission. 

To protect Americans against all 3 types of WPV, the CDC has exclusively endorsed the inactivated polio vaccine (IPV), which requires 4 doses, since 2000. 
Travel vaccination appointments can be scheduled at Vax-Before-Travel and vaccine discounts can be found here. 
Polio is a crippling and potentially deadly disease that affects the nervous system. It is spread through contact with the feces of an infected person. It is also spread by drinking water or eating food that is contaminated with infected feces. 
Most people with polio do not feel sick. Some people have only minor symptoms, such as fever, tiredness, nausea, headache, nasal congestion, sore throat, cough, stiffness in the neck and back, and pain in the arms and legs. 
In rare cases, polio infection causes permanent loss of muscle function. Polio can be fatal if the muscles used for breathing are paralyzed or if there is an infection of the brain. 
For specific information related to US travelers and guidance on interpreting any ad hoc doses of polio vaccine in relation to the individual’s vaccine schedule, please consult the CDC MMWR, "Interim CDC Guidance for Polio Vaccination for Travel to and from Countries Affected by Wild Poliovirus," specifically the section titled Interim Vaccination Guidance to Comply with WHO International Health Regulations Temporary Recommendations for Countries Designated as “Polio-infected.” 
For more information on OPV cessation, please visit the Global Polio Eradication Initiative’s website or the Polio Vaccine Information Statement (VIS) for more information. 
Vaccines, like any medicine, can have side effects. You are encouraged to report negative side effects of vaccines to the FDA or CDC.

Post Polio Litaff, Association A.C _APPLAC Mexico

If Polio Is Eradicated, Why Vaccinate?

by Sanofi Pasteur(CC BY-NC-ND 2.0)
Today is World Polio Day. Polio is a highly infectious viral disease that mainly affects the nervous system of young children. Worldwide, the WHO says 99 percent of polio cases have been eradicated, while the last recorded case in Mexico dates back to 1990. If polio is already eradicated in Mexico, why do vaccination campaigns continue?
Although the incidence of polio is a distant memory for most of the world, according to the WHO there are still cases in countries like Afghanistan, Nigeria and Pakistan. The existence of poliomyelitis in these countries could mean a spread of the disease to other countries where vaccination is insufficient. “Polio can spread from these countries to infect children in countries that do not have an adequate vaccination system,” explains the WHO.
However, anti-vaccination movements are as old as the vaccines themselves. When British physician Edward Jenner discovered the first vaccine against smallpox in 1796, these movements began to emerge. The Lancet Infectious Diseases journal, however, emphasizes that vaccination is among the most effective public health interventions. The publication also says that vaccines have eradicated many diseases, which in turn has increased anti-vaccine movements, which question the use of vaccines when these diseases are no longer common. “Misinformation, suspicion about vaccines and distrust of governments and health authorities have led many parents to oppose the vaccination of their children,” the Lancet Infectious Disease Journal reported.
Recently, some diseases that were believed eradicated have re-emerged around the world. For example, last year, the Lancet Infectious Disease Journal revealed that countries such as Romania, Italy and France had experienced a reappearance of diseases such as measles due to low immunization rates. Similarly, in March, the Ministry of Health of Mexico reported three cases of measles in Mexico; the authorities affirmed that the infected persons were a woman of Italian origin, her son and her nanny. According to the institution, Mexico has had no record of measles cases since 1996.
In this context, the Ministry of Health and other authorities recommend that, given the interconnected nature of today’s world, it is important to have vaccination campaigns regardless of whether the diseases are no longer present in the country. Until a disease has been eradicated worldwide, there is always the possibility that it will reappear if the proper vaccine is not available. Alessa Flores On October 24, 2018 · 

Alessa Flores

Post Polio Litaff, Association A.C _APPLAC Mexico

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